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What is a Stroke

A stroke is a brain attack

For your brain to function, it needs a constant blood supply, which provides vital nutrients and oxygen to the brain cells. A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off and brain cells are damaged or die.
About a third of people who have a stroke make a significant recovery within a month. But most stroke survivors will have long-term problems. It may take a year or longer for them to make the best possible recovery. Sadly, in the most severe cases, strokes can be fatal or cause long-term disability.

There is also a related condition known as a transient ischaemic attack (TIA), where the supply of blood to the brain is temporarily interrupted, causing a 'mini-stroke'. TIAs should be treated seriously as they are often a warning sign that a stroke is coming.

After a stroke, neurons and neurological connections are damaged, resulting in impaired neurological functions. The brain urgently needs healthy neurons and a large amount of synaptic connections to recover these functions. Neuroplasticity after a stroke allows the brain to rebuild these neurological connections and compensate for dysfunctional information pathways. Undamaged axons grow new nerve endings and reconnect with other healthy neurons, forming new neuronal circuits.

The damage caused by a stroke can be widespread and long-lasting. Some people need to have a long period of rehabilitation before they can recover their former independence, while many will never fully recover.


Memory Assessments

Neuroplasticity come into play within the context of Disease and injury, explaining how a stroke or Brain injury paitent regains a particular function even though the directing area of the brain has been damaged


CI Therapy –the element is to teach the Brain to rewire itself following a major injury such as stroke or traumatic Brain injury, patients can learn to improve the motor ability of the more-affected parts of their bodies and thus cease to rely exclusively or primarily on the less-affected parts.

Treatments our therapists provide include:
•        Cognitive Stimulation
•        Behavioural Therapy
•        Multisensory Stimulation
•        Exercise Therapy
•        Reality Orientation Therapy
•        Music Therapy,
•        Psychotherapy,
•        Aromatherapy,
•        Hand Massage,
•        Reminiscence Therapy.

Booking a consultation

A consultation with an SP Care Clinic Specialist is normally undertaken following a referral from your GP.   However, you may wish to self-refer without visiting your GP.  This can be via a clinic visit, be conducted in the home or a community setting.  You can book an appointment at either our Staffordshire, Liverpool, North Wales or Harley Street clinics (see side menu) or you can email us at  We look forward to hearing from you.